The Effect of Swear Words on Referees

Do swear words have predictable effects on football referees? A team of Austrian scientists tackles that question in a study called May I Curse a Referee? Swear Words and Consequences. Stefan Stieger, of the University of Austria, together with Andrea Praschinger and Christine Pomikal, who describe themselves as “independent scientists”, published their report in the Journal of Sports […]

Christian End Investigations

Despite being blessed with a colourful name, Professor Christian End demonstrates that one can make significant discoveries by looking at unglamorous questions. End, based at Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio, specialises in exploring the psychology of sports fans. In the year 2009 he blew past his professional competitors, who generally confine their interest to the […]