Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness

Lester’s Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness inventory is the leading inventory — it is the only inventory — for measuring not just helplessness, not just helplessness and hopelessness, but helplessness AND hopelessness AND haplessness. The prolific Professor Lester — he has authored or co-authored more than 2500 academic papers, most a page or two long — has […]

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