Horatian vs Juvenalian
Horatian satire, named for the Roman satirist Horace (65–8 BCE), playfully criticizes some social vice through gentle, mild, and light-hearted humour. It directs wit, exaggeration, and self-deprecating humour toward what it identifies as folly, rather than evil. Horatian satire’s sympathetic tone is common in modern society.
- The Ig Nobel Prizes.
- Bierce, Ambrose, The Devil’s Dictionary.
- Defoe, Daniel, The True-Born Englishman.
- Gogol, Nikolai, Dead Souls.
- Groening, Matthew ‘Matt’, The Simpsons.
- Kubrick, Stanley, Dr. Strangelove.
- Lewis, Clive Staples, The Screwtape Letters.
- Mercer, Richard ‘Rick’, The Rick Mercer Report.
- Pope, Alexander, The Rape of the Lock.
- Twain, Mark, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Juvenalian satire, named after the Roman satirist Juvenal (late 1st century – early 2nd century CE), is more contemptuous and abrasive than the Horatian. Juvenalian satire addresses social evil through scorn, outrage, and savage ridicule. This form is often pessimistic, characterized by irony, sarcasm, moral indignation and personal invective, with less emphasis on humor. Strongly polarized political satire is often Juvenalian. Also see: Satires of Juvenal.