Much like a real bat head, the bionic bat head has moveable pinnae which can rotate and lock-on to ultrasonic echo location pulses.
The techno-ears were constructed to mimic the shape of real bat pinnae which had been 3D scanned in Hong Kong (see graphic). “These experiments show that a fairly simple sonar device can extract more spatial information about realistic objects in its direct surroundings than is conventionally believed.” – say the research team. Their final report on the project (completed in 2006) can be read here.
* Item title inspired by: ‘What ears do for bats: A comparative study of pinna sound pressure transformation in chiroptera.‘ M. Obrist, M. B. Fenton, J. Eger, and P. Schlegel, J. Exp. Biol., no. 180, pp. 119–152, 1993.